Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Advanced research methods. Advanced research methodsThe issues that these two articles raise are that one; culture plays a major role in influencing a decision of an individual. What could be morally right to a person from one culture could be immoral to another person from a different cultural background. The other issue is that different parts of brains vary in activities when it comes to moral impersonal, moral personal and non moral conditions. This kind of study can be classified as and experiment. This is because people who were being tested, when answering questions were undergoing brain scanning by use of FMRI. In this way, the researcher gets first class information as he is the one who watches the results come out (Joshua D. Greene, R. Brian Somerville, Leigh E. Nystrom, John M. Darley, Jonathan D. Cohen, 2001). One of the factorÃ that the researcher seem to control is that he is able to prove that his findings are true by demonstrating his experimental results. The other way he uses is to explain step by step and seems to have a convincing power. The hypothesis in the study is that certain parts of brain and culture are involved when it comes to make decisions concerning morals. The researcher hypothesis was correct. This is because most of the respondentsÃ¢â¬â¢ answers and results of the brain scanning were in favor of the hypothesis. The brain scanning followed the laid down procedures (Sandra Blakeslee, 2005). When comparing the information in the New York Times and the short journal, the short journal has deeper information than the New York TimesÃ¢â¬â¢. The key difference is that the researchers were working on the same issue but the researcher in the short journal went an extra step of doing a brain scan. The moral issue is that it is better to provide more reliable outcome. The information provided can be of great value to the society. This will help people to understand why people behave in a manner that is different to them. References Joshua D. Greene, R. Brian Somerville, Leigh E. Nystrom, John M. Darley, Jonathan D. Cohen (2001). An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in moral judgment. Science Sandra Blakeslee (2001, September 25). Watching How the Brain Works As It Weighs a Moral Dilemma. New York Times
Monday, March 2, 2020
Sneaking up on Snuck Sneaking up on Snuck Sneaking up on Snuck By Maeve Maddox A reader asks: Could you tell me which is more appropriate or how it is used: snuck vs sneekedÃ He snuck across the border. The word snuck as the simple past of sneak is regarded with disdain by many speakers and writers. The correct principal parts, they will argue, are: sneak/sneaked/(have) sneaked: Lets watch him sneak out of the dorm. He sneaked out last night as well. He has sneaked out every night this week. In other English-speaking parts of the world, the past form snuck, if acknowledged at all, is usually labeled jocular. Personally, I like snuck. To my ear sneaked does not sound right. Somehow snuck seems sneakier than sneaked. For me the principal parts are sneak/snuck/(have) snuck. Admittedly snuck is not a word for formal writing. If I were reaching for the same sense in a context that did not permit of sneak/snuck, Id resort to creep/crept. (No, not creep/creeped. ) To get an idea of just how acceptable snuck is in American usage, I went to two newspapers I admire: the New York Times and the Chicago Tribune. New York Times itÃ¢â¬â¢s not going to work. The financial industry is not going to get away with a covert bailout, snuck past voters with obscure wording. Paul Krugman, March 17, 2008 The Rangers nearly snuck out of here with a victory, but Bure again knotted things up Jason Diamos, December 10, 1995 Mr. Wilkins, in a plaid shirt and handcuffs, snuck occasional looks at the photographs before him. Joe Sexton, February 9, 1995 Chicago Tribune Christine Rokita, a parishioner at Brandts church, couldnt agree more. Her son Matthew, 17, a junior at St. Rita Catholic High School, snuck out to the parade this year against his mothers wishes. Stacy St. Clair and Andrew L. Wang, March 26, 2009 Wade then somehow snuck free for that reverse layupand also somehow missed it. K.C. Johnson, March 10, 2009 We sneaked Demasi out the back door. John Kass, February 28, 2009 In this unscientific sampling of American journalists, the snucks clearly have it! How Shrunk Snuck In Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Grammar category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:7 Types of Narrative Conflict50 Latin Phrases You Should Know12 Misunderstood and Misquoted Shakespearean Expressions
Friday, February 14, 2020
Relegation System in Major League Soccer - Term Paper Example Major League Soccer or what is popularly known as MLS is the official soccer league of United States of America. The tournament is endorsed by United States Soccer Federation and Don Garber is its present commissioner. Major League Soccer (MLS) was started in the year of 1993; however, the first session of competition was staged in the year 1996 with just10 teams. The teams were owned by the franchisees and are operated and functioned by its stakeholders. The present format of MLS has 19 teams who play with each other on a home-away basis. Among the 19 teams, 16 are from the US and the other 3 teams are from Canada. Some of the noticeable teams of the tournament include LA Galaxy, Montreal Impact, Toronto FC Dallas and Real Salt Lake among many others. The first season of the tournament witnessed record attendance however it felt below the expected level from the next season onwards. People started to lose interest in soccer as other sports such as baseball, basketball took the elite positions. The condition revived when players such as David Beckham, Cuauhtemoc Blanco joined the league as players of respective teams. The primary rationale behind the commencement of MLS was to strengthen the national football team of US. The quality of the league was in doubt when the USA was eliminated from the opening stages in the 1998 soccer world cup. Apart from that, 1994 Soccer world cup that was staged in the US was also another reason. The professional league helped the country to bid for the tournament.Ã ... The first season of the tournament witnessed record attendance however it felt below the expected level from the next season onwards. People started to lose interest on soccer as other sports such as baseball, basketball took the elite positions. The condition revived when players such as David Beckham, Cuauhtemoc Blanco joined the league as players of respective teams (Dure, 2010, p.xvi). The primary rational behind the commencement of MLS was to strengthen the national football team of US. Nonetheless the quality of the league was on doubt, when USA was eliminated from the opening stages in the 1998 soccer world cup. Apart from that, 1994 Soccer world cup that was staged in US was also another reason. The professional league helped the country to bid for the tournament. Formulation of Mission and Vision statements Mission and vision statements are important for running a venture. Also in case of MLS mission and vision statements, holds an important position. MLS was started in the year 1993 for the purpose of establishing a particular objective. Moreover in order to achieve the objective one needs to have clear vision of the future. While on the other hand a mission statement is being used to describe the purposes or aims of the new association. Hence it can be justified that mission and vision statement plays an indispensable role. The newly developed mission and vision statement for MLS are formulated below. Mission Statement To offer the country with new talents in football and also to encourage upcoming talents in the field of soccer. To enthuse the world of sports lovers by showcasing highest quality of entertainment. Vision Statement Ã¢â¬ËWe
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Green motorsports - Research Paper Example The diesel-powered Audi emerged the winner with almost 100 points clear from their closest rivals in the American Le Mans Series. In the United Kingdom, Team West Racing used Ethanol fueled MG Zs in Touring Car Championship. In the Economics of Climate Change, it is recommended that swift and very proactive action be considered so as to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and stabilise it between four hundred and fifty thousand and five hundred and fifty thousand parts per million (Autosport magazine 76 ). If this is not done, there would be dangerous consequences and if the actions are carried out weakly, the situation would probably stabilise at upper limit. For this to happen, the global emissions would have to decrease by twenty five percent by middle of this century, and in particular, countries which are higher level emitters would have to cut down the emissions by even a higher margin. In the UK, the government has stepped up its effort through commissioning of a transport study so as to respond to the challenges that are posed by climate change to buffer against economic and environmental perils. There is continuous pressure from the scientific world for interventions to be carried out more vigorously to be able to combat climate change. It is notable that although there is unanimity for the need of strong actions against climate change, just a handful of the views, sometimes only those appearing maverick, get exagerrated attention. There is unanimous agreement that the first step in reducing the green house gas emisions is energy efficiency. The transport sector is envisaging the use of small cars which will be much more energy efficient for local use in their own high speed lanes. These cars would abe able to convey at least tenfold as many people as would the personal cars. Additionally, it is easier to imagine micro wind turbines or solar panels mounted on top of their garages to top up their their energy
Friday, January 24, 2020
In John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Of Mice and Men, he uses Crooks to express loneliness because his character is a perfect example of how it was to be a black man. Steinbeck uses Crooks to show his readers what it was like to be lonely. Crooks is the loneliest in the novel because he has no one to talk and he is black. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Crooks was introduced to the novel as just a black stable buck. Before his character appeared, the men talked about him as if he were a horse, and they made fun of him because he walked with a limp. He had a limp because he was kicked in the spine by a horse once. When he finally showed up, it was just to receive an order, and the way he did it seemed like he was a frightened animal, terrified of his ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s whip. He had no one to talk to, no one to keep him company and no one to treat him like he was important. In chapter 4, Lennie goes into CrooksÃ¢â¬â¢ room and they start talking about being lonely. Crooks says to Lennie Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â¢Books ainÃ¢â¬â¢t no good. A guy needs somebody ___ to be near him.Ã¢â¬â¢ He wined, Ã¢â¬ËA guy goes nuts if he ainÃ¢â¬â¢t got nobody. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t make no difference who the guy is, longÃ¢â¬â¢s heÃ¢â¬â¢s with youÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (72). This shows you how lonely Crooks gets all by himself with nothing to do but re ad. Even though it seems like he is talking about any guy that is lonely, he is expressing what he feels inside. That is one of the many examples that shows how Crooks feels. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the nineteen thirties, the Great Depression occurred. It was a time when money was scarce, lots of people lost their jobs and became poor, and sometimes homeless. Crooks did hard labor and obeyed every command given by the boss. If he lost his job, he would have no where to go. No one would hire anybody because of the money problem in that time, and if they did, it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be a black man, let alone, a crippled black man. So Crooks was basically stuck in the same place for awhile, and he was without anybody to talk to. At least being a stable buck he had people around him most of the time. In chapter 4, Crooks and Lennie have a conversation about Crooks being a black.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
Starting as a small retail store in New Glarus, Wisconsin, the Cheezy Wheezy firm had slowly grown into a chain of nine retail shops located in southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois. In recent years, nearly all its competitors had begun issuing catalogs, widely distributed in late October, advertising gift packages of cheeses, jams, jellies, and other fancy food items. Henry Wilson, son of the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s founder, had convinced his father that Cheezy Wheezy should also issue a catalog. It was then March, and the last snows were melting. Henry Wilson had called his third staff meeting in as many weeks to discuss the catalog project. Present were Henry (whose title was vice president); Susan Moore, the sales manager; Jeff Bell, the inventory manager; and Robert Walker, the traffic manager. Also present was Robert Caldwell, from a Milwaukee-based ad agency that was handling many aspects of the catalog project. Moore and Caldwell had just finished describing the catalogÃ¢â¬â¢s tentative design and the allocation of catalog pages to various product lines. Caldwell then said, Ã¢â¬Å"We are to the point where we must design the order form, which will be stapled inside the center pages. It will be a single 8 1/2-by-11-inch sheet. The customer will remove it from the catalog, complete it, fold it into the envelope shape, lick the gummed lines, and mail it in. The order form will be on one side of the sheet. On the other will be the instructions for folding and Cheezy WheezyÃ¢â¬â¢s mailing address in New Glarus; the remainder of the space will be ads for some impulse items. Right now weÃ¢â¬â¢re thinking of a Santa ClausÃ¢â¬âshaped figure molded out of cheese. Ã¢â¬Å"Enough of that,Ã¢â¬ said Wilson, Ã¢â¬Å"this group isnÃ¢â¬â¢t here to discuss Santa dolls. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re here to design the order form. We may also have to talk a little about selling terms. Susan? Ã¢â¬ Responding to her cue, Moore said, Ã¢â¬Å"Our biggest problem is how to handle the transportation and shipping costs. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve studied all our competitorsÃ¢â¬â¢ catalogs. Some absorb the costs into the productÃ¢â¬â¢s price, some charge by weight of the order, some charge by money value of order, and some ship COD. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"How important are shipping costs, Susan? Ã¢â¬ asked Bell. Ã¢â¬Å"Plenty,Ã¢â¬ was her response. They run $2 to $3 for a 1- or 2-pound package. If you take a pound of cheese that we sell in our retail stores for $2, here are our costs if it goes by catalog: cost of goods, $1; order management, 50 cents; overhead, including inventory carrying costs, 50 cents; packaging for shipment, 50 cents; and transportation costs to any point in the United States ranging between $1. 75 and $3. 20. If, however, weÃ¢â¬â¢re dealing with bigger shipments, the relative costs vary. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å "IÃ¢â¬â¢m not following you,Ã¢â¬ said Wilson. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s like this,Ã¢â¬ responded Moore. The wholesale cost of cheese to us is the same per pound, no matter how much is sold. Order-processing costs are approximately the same for each order weÃ¢â¬â¢ll be receiving by mail. Overhead and inventory carrying costs are always present but may be allocated in a variety of ways. Packaging costs are also about the same per order. They go up only a few cents as we move to larger cartons. Transportation costs are hard to describe because of their tapers. Right now our whole catalog project is bogged down with the problem of transportation cost tapers. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Tapers? Ã¢â¬ said Wilson, turning to Walker. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve never told me about tapers before. It sounds like some kind of animal. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s tapir, t-a-p-i-r,Ã¢â¬ said Walker. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re talking about tapers, t-a-p-e-r-s. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Oh,Ã¢â¬ said Wilson. Ã¢â¬Å"What are they? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"When one ships small packages of cheese,Ã¢â¬ said Walker, Ã¢â¬Å"rates are based on two factors, the weight being shipped and the distance. As weight or distance increases or bothÃ¢â¬âthe rates go up but not as quickly. This is called the tapering principle. To ship 2 pounds of cheese from New Glarus to St. Louis costs $2. 40; 3 pounds cost $3. 30; 5 pounds cost $4. 60; and so on. One hundred poundsÃ¢â¬âno, 50 pounds is a better example because some of the parcel services weÃ¢â¬â¢ll be using wonÃ¢â¬â¢t take 100 poundsÃ¢â¬â50 pounds would cost $21. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s also a distance taper. The 2-pound shipment that costs $2. 40 to St. Louis is $3. 40 to Denver and $4. 15 to Los Angeles. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"CanÃ¢â¬â¢t we use the average transportation costs? Ã¢â¬ asked Bell. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s what we do with inventory carrying costs. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WonÃ¢â¬â¢t work,Ã¢â¬ said Caldwell. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll be overpriced for small, short-distance shipments and will lose sales. For heavy long shipments, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be underpriced and will make so many sales that you might soon go belly up. Wilson shuddered and inquired, Ã¢â¬Å"Does that mean we charge by weight and by distance? Ã¢â¬ Moore answered, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not that easy. In the cheese business, people buy by the pound, but shipping weightsÃ¢â¬âwhich include packagingÃ¢â¬âare actua lly more. A customer who orders 3 pounds of cheese is in fact receiving 3 pounds of cheese plus 6 ounces of packaging materials. I wish we could sell a pound of cheese that consisted of 14 ounces of cheese and 2 ounces of packing material, but that would be illegal at worst, and of questionable ethics, at best. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We have the same problems with distance,Ã¢â¬ added Walker. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re trying to sell in 50 states, but who knows how far they are from New Glarus? We could have tables and maps in the catalog, but they take up valuable selling space. Also, if it looks too complex, we may just turn off some potential customers before they complete their orders. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Some of our clients have another problem,Ã¢â¬ added Caldwell, Ã¢â¬Å"and that is split orders. The customer will want 10 pounds of cheese, but it will be five 2-pound packages sent to five different locations. That has an impact on both packaging and transportation costs. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"So, what do we do? Ã¢â ¬ asked Wilson.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) was a Florentine sailor, explorer, and trader. He was one of the more colorful characters of the early age of discovery in the Americas and captained one of the first journeys to the New World. His lurid descriptions of the New World natives made his accounts extremely popular in Europe and as a result, it is his name - Amerigo - which eventually would be modified into America and given to two continents. Early Life Amerigo was born into a wealthy family of Florentine silk traders who had a princely estate near the city of Peretola. They were very prominent citizens of Florence and many Vespuccis held important offices. Young Amerigo received an excellent education and served for a time as a diplomat before settling in Spain just in time to witness the excitement of Columbus first voyage. He decided that he, too, wanted to be an explorer. The Alonso de Hojeda Expedition In 1499, Vespucci joined the expedition of Alonso de Hojeda (also spelled Ojeda), a veteran of Columbus second voyage. The 1499 expedition included four ships and was accompanied by well-known cosmographer and cartographer Juan de la Cosa, who had gone on Columbus first two voyages. The expedition explored much of the northeastern coast of South America, including stops in Trinidad and Guyana. They also visited a tranquil bay and named it Venezuela, or Little Venice. The name stuck. Like Columbus, Vespucci suspected that he may have been looking at the long-lost Garden of Eden, the Earthly Paradise. The expedition found some gold, pearls, and emeralds and captured some slaves for sale, but still was not very profitable. Return to the New World Vespucci had earned a reputation as a skilled sailor and leader during his time with Hojeda, and he was able to convince the King of Portugal to finance a three-ship expedition in 1501. He had become convinced during his first trip that the lands he had seen were not, in fact, Asia, but something altogether new and previously unknown. The purpose of his 1501-1502 journey, therefore, became the location of a practical passage to Asia. He explored the eastern coast of South America, including much of Brazil, and may have gone as far as the Platte River in Argentina before returning to Europe. On this journey, he became more convinced than ever that the recently discovered lands were something new: the coast of Brazil that he had explored was much too far to the south to be India. This put him at odds with Christopher Columbus, who insisted until his death that the lands he had discovered were, in fact, Asia. In Vespuccis letters to his friends and patrons, he explained his new theories. Fame and Celebrity Vespuccis journey was not an extremely important one in relation to many of the others taking place at the time. Nevertheless, the seasoned navigator found himself something of a celebrity within a short time due to the publication of some letters he had allegedly written to his friend, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici. Published under the name Mundus Novus (New World) the letters became an immediate sensation. They included fairly direct (for the sixteenth century) descriptions of sexuality (naked women!) as well as the radical theory that the recently discovered lands were, in fact, new. Mundus Novis was followed closely by a second publication, Quattuor Americi Vesputi Navigationes (Four Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci). Supposedly letters from Vespucci to Piero Soderini, a Florentine statesman, the publication describes four voyages (1497, 1499, 1501 and 1503) undertaken by Vespucci. Most historians believe some of the letters to be fakes: there is little other evidence that Vespucci even made the 1497 and 1503 journeys. Whether some of the letters were fakes or not, the two books were immensely popular in Europe. Translated into several languages, they were passed around and discussed exhaustively. Vespucci became an instant celebrity and was asked to serve on the committee which advised the King of Spain about New World policy. America In 1507, Martin WaldseemÃ ¼ller, who worked in the town of Saint-DiÃ © in Alsace, published two maps together with Cosmographiae Introductio, an introduction to cosmography. The book included the purported letters from VespucciÃ¢â¬â¢s four voyages as well as sections reprinted fromÃ Ptolemy. On the maps, he referred to the newly discovered lands as Ã¢â¬Å"America,Ã¢â¬ in honor of Vespucci. It included an engraving of Ptolemy looking to the East and Vespucci looking to the West. WaldseemÃ ¼ller also gave Columbus plenty of credit, but it was the name America that stuck in the New World. Later Life Vespucci only ever made two journeys to the New World. When his fame spread, he was named to a board of royal advisers in Spain along with former shipmate Juan de la Cosa, Vicente YÃ ¡Ã ±ez PinzÃ ³n (captain of the NiÃ ±a on ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ first voyage) and Juan DÃ az de SolÃ s. Vespucci was namedÃ Piloto Mayor, Ã¢â¬Å"Chief PilotÃ¢â¬ of the Spanish Empire, in charge of establishing and documenting routes to the west. It was a lucrative and important position as all expeditions needed pilots and navigators, all of whom were answerable to him. Vespucci established a school of sorts, to train pilots and navigators, modernize long-distance navigation, collect charts and journals and basically collect and centralize all cartographic information. He died in 1512. Legacy Were it not for his famous name, immortalized on not one but two continents,Ã Amerigo VespucciÃ would today no doubt be a minor figure in world history, well-known to historians but unheard of outside of certain circles. Contemporaries such as Vicente YÃ ¡Ã ±ez PinzÃ ³n and Juan de la Cosa were arguably more important explorers and navigators. Heard of them? DidnÃ¢â¬â¢t think so. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to lessen VespucciÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments, which were considerable. He was a very talented navigator and explorer who was respected by his men. When he served as Piloto Mayor, he encouraged key advances in navigation and trained future navigators. His letters Ã¢â¬â whether he actually wrote them or not Ã¢â¬â inspired many to learn more about the New World and colonize it. He was neither the first nor the last to envision the route to the west that was eventually discovered byÃ Ferdinand MagellanÃ andÃ Juan SebastiÃ ¡n Elcano, but he was one of the best-known. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s even arguable that he deserves the eternal recognition of having his name on North and South America. He was one of the first to openly defy the still-influential Columbus and declare that the New World was, in fact, something new and unknown and not simply a previously-uncharted part of Asia. It took courage to contradict not only Columbus but all of the ancient writers (such asÃ Aristotle) who had no knowledge of continents to the west. Source: Thomas, Hugh.Ã Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire, from Columbus to Magellan.Ã New York: Random House, 2005.